Light Tank T14/T161-4

T14/T16: General
Manufacturer Marmon-Herrington Co. Crew
2 men:
  • Commander in turret
  • Driver in hull right (T14) or left (T16) front
T14/T16: Dimensions
Combat weight ~16,000lbs
~7300kg
Height 83"
210cm
Length 138"
351cm
Width 82"
210cm
T14/T16: Armament
Type Mount Traverse Elevation
.30cal MG Ball mount in turret 240°
(manual)
Manual
.30cal MG Flexible in turret AA mount Manual Manual
.30cal MG Ball mount in right (T14) or left (T16) bow Manual Manual
.30cal MG Fixed in hull front Fixed Fixed
T14/T16: Armor
Maximum 1"
2.5cm
Minimum .5"
1.3cm
T14/T16: Automotive
Engine Hercules WXLC-3; 6 cylinder, inline gasoline
Horsepower 124@2200rpm
T14/T16: Suspension
Type Road wheels Track return rollers
Vertical volute spring 2 bogies/track;
2 wheels/bogie
1 dual/track
Drive sprockets Idlers Shock absorbers
26-tooth front drive Adjustable at rear of track None
T14/T16: Track
Single-pin, outside guide, steel
T14/T16: Performance
Max level road speed ~30mph
~50kph
Cruising range ~60mi
~100km

The T14 and T16 were designed by Marmon-Herrington for foreign contracts, but 240 were accepted by the United States in 1941-2 when the Japanese overran the intended users in China and the Dutch East Indies. Designated the CTLS-4TAC and CTLS-4TAY by the manufacturer, the tanks differed by which side of the hull on which the turret was mounted. The CTLS-4TAY (designated T14 in US service) had the turret offset to the left and the CTLS-4TAC (called T16 by the US Army) had the opposite arrangement. The turret rotated through 240°, and the driver sat beside the turret in an armored hood with vision blocks around him. Besides the 240 accepted by the US, around 105 were successfully sent overseas and at least one shipload was sunk in the Pacific.

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References

  1. Hunnicutt, R.P. Stuart: A History of the American Light Tank, volume 1. Navato, CA: Presidio Press, 1992. Reprinted with permission from Stuart, R.P. Hunnicutt ©1992, available from Presidio Press, 505B San Martin Drive, Suite 160, Navato, CA 94945.
  2. Crismon, Fred W. U.S. Military Tracked Vehicles. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1992.
  3. Spoelstra, Hanno. "Marmon-Herrington Military Vehicles: Tanks." Marmon-Herrington Military Vehicles. 6 Dec 2013 <http://www.marmon-herrington.webs.com/tank.html>.
  4. Kirk, William. "Light Tanks." TANKS! 13 Feb 2003. 6 Dec 2013 <http://mailer.fsu.edu/~akirk/tanks/UnitedStates/lighttanks/LightTanks.html>. TANKS!

Last updated 6 Dec 2013.
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© Copyright 2013 Chris Conners