Light Armored Car M7061-3

M706: General
Manufacturer Cadillac Gage Company Crew
11 men:
  • Gunner in turret center
  • Driver in hull left front
  • 9 passengers
M706: Dimensions
Combat weight 16,250lbs
7371kg
Height over turret 96"
240cm
Length 224"
569cm
Width 89"
230cm
Tread 73.5"
187cm
Wheelbase 105"
267cm
Ground clearance 16"
41cm
Fire Height ~80"
~200cm
M706: Armament
Type Mount Ammunition Traverse Elevation
Two 7.62mm M73 or M219 MG Turret 8580 rounds
(880 ready)
360°
(manual)
+59° to -14°
(manual)
M706: Armor
Assembly
Welding
Hull
Rolled hard homogeneous steel
Location Thickness Angle from vertical
Upper front .375"
.953cm
30°
Middle front .25"
.64cm
75°
Lower front .25"
.64cm
35°
Upper sides .25"
.64cm
30°
Lower sides .25"
.64cm
20°
Upper rear .25"
.64cm
30° and 37°
Lower rear .25"
.64cm
37°
Top .25"
.64cm
90°
Floor .375"
.953cm
90°
Turret
Rolled hard homogeneous steel
Location Thickness Angle from vertical
Front .375"
.953cm
Curved
Sides .25"
.64cm
30°
Rear .25"
.64cm
30°
Top .25"
.64cm
Domed
M706: Automotive
Engine Chrysler Military; 8 cylinder, 4 cycle, vee gasoline
Horsepower Gross: 191@4000rpm Torque Gross: 325 ft-lb@2400rpm Fuel capacity 80gal
300L
Transmission Manual synchronized in 2nd-5th speeds, 5 speeds forward, 1 reverse
Steering Steering wheel
Brakes Hydraulic, internal expanding
M706: Suspension
Type Road wheels Shock absorbers
Semi-elliptic leaf spring 2/side On each wheel
M706: Performance
Max level road speed 60mph
100kph
Max water speed 3mph
5kph
Max sideslope 30% Max grade 50%
Max trench 18"
46cm
Max vertical obstacle 24"
61cm
Min turning diameter 54'
16m
Max fording depth Floats
Cruising range ~400mi, roads
~640km, roads

The Cadillac Gage V-100 Commando 4x4 armored car entered production as a private venture in January 1964. Designated XM706 for US tests, the vehicle's armor provided protection against .30cal ball ammunition. Applique armor that provided protection over key areas against .30cal AP and .50cal ball could be added, with a weight penalty of 500lb (230kg). The runflat tires could be driven flat for 35 miles (56km) and for 60 miles (97km) at 5psi. The vehicle was able to float without special preparation, and water propulsion was provided by the wheels. A 10,000lb (4500kg) hydraulic winch was installed at the vehicle's front, offset just to the right of center. A 2-piece door with a vision block and firing port was provided on each side of the vehicle, and there were two additional vision blocks and firing ports in front of each door and a single vision block and firing port behind the door on the vehicle's right side. The top of the side doors opened to the rear, and the bottom swung down. A rear door was offset to the vehicle's extreme right and was also equipped with a vision block and firing port. A further vision block and firing port was provided to the side of each driver and a firing port was placed between the drivers' front vision blocks. The turret could be armed with two .30cal MGs or a .30cal and a .50cal MG, and the guns were offset to the turret's right side. The base of the turret was ringed with seven vision blocks, and the gunner was provided with an M28C periscope sight. Later production vehicles featured round wheel cutouts instead of the earlier angled cutouts, an engine access hatch on the hull's left rear side, an exhaust extension on the rear left corner to prevent water ingestion, the deletion of a firing port forward of the side door on each side, sprung roof hatches with raised center sections instead of their earlier flat contour, and an anti-Molotov cocktail housing over the engine air intake grille. With these changes the vehicle was designated as XM706E1, and was standardized as M706. The US Air Force operated a version designated XM706E2, which replaced the turret with an armored parapet with folding roof hatches. The XM706E2 was 85.75" (217.8cm) tall over the parapet, and machine gun mounts were placed around the parapet.

A larger version of the V-100, called V-200, was developed in 1960 and a small number were sold to Singapore. An improved V-100, named V-150, was introduced in 1971. The V-150 featured stronger axles and a payload increased to 5000lb (2300kg) from the V-100's 3000lb (1400kg). Cadillac Gage also offered different engines, including a 155hp diesel V6 or a 202hp Cummins diesel V8 mated to a four-speed automatic Allison transmission. A roof hatch was installed on the right rear corner, and the driver was provided with a second vision block to his front, while the front firing port was deleted. Various turrets and armament were offered, including turretless vehicles similar to the XM706E2 which could be used as command vehicles, APCs, or mortar carriers. The series was widely exported.

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References

  1. Hunnicutt, R.P. Armored Car: A History of American Wheeled Combat Vehicles. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 2002. Reprinted from Armored Car, R.P. Hunnicutt ©2002, available from Presidio Press, 505B San Martin Drive, Suite 160, Novato, CA 94945.
  2. Crismon, Fred W. U.S. Military Wheeled Vehicles. Minneapolis: Victory Publishing, Ltd., 2001.
  3. Hogg, Ian V. The Greenhill Armoured Fighting Vehicles Data Book. London: Greenhill Books, 2000.

Last updated 25 Mar 2014.
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