Smoke Generator Carrier M10591-3
M1059: General
Date of first acceptance 1988 Total acceptances 276
Manufacturer FMC Corp. Crew
3 men:
  • Commander in hull center
  • Smoke generator operator in passenger compartment
  • Driver in hull left front
M1059: Dimensions
Combat weight 24,400lbs
11,100kg
Height over smoke generators 100.75"
255.9cm
Length 191.5"
486.4cm
Gun overhang forward 0"
Width over track shrouds 105.75"
268.61cm
Tread 85.0"
216cm
Ground clearance 17.1"
43.4cm
Ground pressure, zero penetration 7.7psi
.54kg/cm²
M1059: Armament
Type Mount Ammunition Traverse Elevation
.50cal M2HB MG Flexible on cupola mount 2000 rounds 360°
(manual)
Manual
Night vision
Infrared periscope M19 for driver
M1059: Armor
Assembly
Welding
Hull
Rolled 5083/5086 H32 aluminum armor
Location Thickness Angle from vertical
Upper front 1.5"
3.8cm
45°
Lower front 1.5"
3.8cm
30°
Upper sides 1.75"
4.45cm
Lower sides 1.25"
3.18cm
Rear 1.5"
3.8cm
Ramp 1.5"
3.8cm
Top 1.5"
3.8cm
90°
Floor 1.125"
2.858cm
90°
M1059: Automotive
Engine General Motors 6V53; 6 cylinder, 2 cycle, vee diesel
Horsepower Gross: 212@2800rpm Torque Gross: 492 ft-lb@1300rpm Fuel capacity 95gal
360L
Transmission Allison TX-100, 3 ranges forward, 1 reverse
Steering DS200 controlled differential, steering levers
Brakes Differential band
M1059: Suspension
Type Road wheels Track return rollers
Torsion bar 5 individually sprung dual/track Flat track
Drive sprockets Idlers Shock absorbers
10-tooth front drive Dual adjustable at rear of track On first, second, and last road wheels/track
M1059: Track
T130E1
Center guide, single pin, steel with detachable rubber pad
Width 15"
38cm
Pitch 6"
15cm
Shoes/track Left side: 63
Right side: 64
Ground contact length 105"
267cm
T150
Center guide, double pin, steel with chevron rubber pad
Width 14.81"
37.62cm
Pitch 6"
15cm
Shoes/track Left side: 63
Right side: 64
Ground contact length 105"
267cm
M1059: Performance
Max level road speed 40mph
64kph
Max water speed 3.6mph
5.8kph
Max trench 66"
170cm
Max grade 60%
Max sideslope 30% Max vertical obstacle 24"
61cm
Min turning diameter 26'
7.9m
Max fording depth Floats
Cruising range ~300mi, roads
~480km, roads


The M1059 was based on the M113A2 APC, and carried an M157 smoke generating set in the passenger compartment. A 120gal (450L) fog oil tank was stored inside the vehicle, and an M54 smoke generator was mounted on either side of the vehicle roof and enclosed by a boxlike armor shield. The generators vaporized the fog oil with heat produced from a pulse jet engine, and then the oil condensed once it was dispensed, forming a large white cloud. M1059A3, introduced in 1996, used the RISE powerpack and other improvements of the M113A3. Another change was the use of the M157A2 smoke generator set, which allowed different fuels to be used for smoke generation, including diesel.

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References

  1. Hunnicutt, R.P. Bradley: A History of American Fighting and Support Vehicles. Navato, CA: Presidio Press, 1999.
    Reprinted with permission from Bradley, R.P. Hunnicutt ©1999, available from Presidio Press, 505B San Martin Drive, Suite 160, Navato, CA 94945.

  2. Crismon, Fred W. U.S. Military Tracked Vehicles. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1992.

  3. Federation of American Scientists. "M1059A3 Lynx Smoke Generator Carrier." DOD 101. 5 Feb 2000. 5 Oct 2001 <http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/m1059.htm>. DOD 101



Last updated 11 Jan 2002.

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© Copyright 2001-02 Chris Conners